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Procedural justice continues to receive considerable attention.

Procedural justice is the idea that, if police treat people with dignity and respect, allow community members to have a voice during police encounters, engage in fair and neutral decision making, and exhibit trustworthiness, greater levels of trust and cooperation will result.National Initiative for Building Community Trust and Justice, “Procedural Justice,”; and Tracey L. Meares, “The Path Forward: Improving The Dynamics Of Community-Police Relationships To Achieve Effective Law Enforcement Policies,” Columbia Law Review 117, no. 5 (2017), 1355-68.

This approach has gained traction as an effective tool for police to use in engaging with the public. More recently, procedural justice principles have been applied internally in policing organizations, encouraging voice and transparency for rank-and-file officers on the theory that trust within the department also fosters community trust.Rick Trinkner, Tom R. Tyler, and Phillip Atiba Goff, “Justice From Within: The Relations Between a Procedurally Just Organizational Climate and Police Organizational Efficiency, Endorsement of Democratic Policing, and Officer Well-Being,” Psychology, Public Policy, and Law 22, no. 2 (2016), 158-72. On the heels of documented successes of procedural justice efforts, there have been calls to implement procedural justice with victims of intimate-partner violence.Rachel Teicher, “A Better Way to Deal With Intimate-Partner Violence,” Governing, November 1, 2017,; and Dina Fine Maron, “Science Says These Police Tactics Reduce Crime,” Scientific American, November 9, 2017.