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The connection between gun violence and intimate partner violence gains recognition.

“Abused women are the canary in the coal mine for mass shootings,” said political commentator and comedian Samantha Bee in a segment that went viral in a year that saw more than 340 shootings of three or more people at a time, including the killing of 26 people at a church in Texas and 58 at a concert in Las Vegas.“Child Bride,” Full Frontal with Samantha Bee (video); and Gun Violence Archive, “Mass Shootings,” The majority of mass shooters have something in common: they are men who have perpetrated intimate partner violence.Everytown for Gun Safety, Mass Shootings in the United States: 2009-2016 (New York: Everytown for Gun Safety, 2017).

Despite this well-documented link, gaps in laws, policies, and practices in many jurisdictions continue to allow people subject to domestic violence protection orders or who have been charged with domestic violence crimes to possess firearms.Charlotte Alter, “The Troubling Link Between Domestic Violence and Mass Shooters,” Time, November 9, 2017; and Max de Haldevang, “Stephen Paddock Shared a Trait With Other Mass Killers: He Abused Women,” Quartz, October 14, 2017. But gun violence has long been connected to intimate partner violence.Jacquelyn C. Campbell, Daniel Webster, Jane Koziol-McLain, et al., “Risk Factors for Femicide in Abusive Relationships: Results from a Multisite Case Control Study,” American Journal of Public Health 93, no. 7 (2003), 1089-97. In 2017, there were some important efforts made to address this link: