Balancing Punishment and Treatment Alternatives to Incarceration in New York City


Like other U.S. cities, New York is gradually increasing its use of alternatives to incarceration (ATIs) for people who have committed felonies. This is the first study to examine the city’s coordinated ATI system for people convicted of felonies—and one of the only studies nationally to examine the content of alternative sentencing programs as well as their long-term recidivism rates. Vera found that people sent to ATIs showed the same rate of re-offending up to three years later as those in a matched comparison group, despite spending much less time incarcerated during the study period.


Photo by Lucy Nicholson (REUTERS)

People in Jail and Prison in Spring 2021

Vera Institute of Justice (Vera) researchers collected data on the number of people in local jails and state and federal prisons throughout 2020 and into spring 2021. Vera researchers estimated the incarcerated population using a sample of approximately 1,600 jail jurisdictions, 50 states, the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the U.S. Marshals Service (U ...

  • Jacob Kang-Brown, Chase Montagnet, Jasmine Heiss
June 07, 2021