Fines in Sentencing A Study of the Use of the Fine as a Criminal Sanction


This 1984 report presents findings from an exploratory study of law and practice with respect to the use of fines as a sanction for criminal offenses. The principal sources of empirical data are a national phone survey of administrators in 126 trial courts in 21 states; site visits for interviews and observation to 38 courts in seven states; and examination of a sample of case records in New York City's five limited and five general jurisdiction trial courts.


Photo by Lucy Nicholson (REUTERS)

People in Jail and Prison in Spring 2021

Vera Institute of Justice (Vera) researchers collected data on the number of people in local jails and state and federal prisons throughout 2020 and into spring 2021. Vera researchers estimated the incarcerated population using a sample of approximately 1,600 jail jurisdictions, 50 states, the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the U.S. Marshals Service (U ...

  • Jacob Kang-Brown, Chase Montagnet, Jasmine Heiss
June 07, 2021