Pamphlets About the Community Service Sentencing Project (CSSP)


These two pamphlets discuss the Community Service Sentencing Project (CSSP). The c.1979 pamphlet was produced by Vera, the c.1996 pamphlet was created after CSSP was spun off from Vera in 1989 as part of the Center for Alternative Sentencing and Employment Services (CASES). CSSP was opened by Vera in 1979 to demonstrate that repeat petty thieves could be effectively punished without jail. Project staff screened defendants in the lower courts throughout New York City and, in appropriate cases, recommended 70 hours of unpaid labor on one of the Project's work crews. Few of the 1,800 offenders sentenced to the CSSP each year are employed; some are homeless; and at least half are drug addicted. Yet approximately 0% fulfill their community service obligations [from Vera's 35-year report].


Photo by Lucy Nicholson (REUTERS)

People in Jail and Prison in Spring 2021

Vera Institute of Justice (Vera) researchers collected data on the number of people in local jails and state and federal prisons throughout 2020 and into spring 2021. Vera researchers estimated the incarcerated population using a sample of approximately 1,600 jail jurisdictions, 50 states, the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the U.S. Marshals Service (U ...

  • Jacob Kang-Brown, Chase Montagnet, Jasmine Heiss
June 07, 2021