Planning, Research and Technical Assistance on, and Implementation and Enforcement of, Fines, Probation, etc.


The general enthusiasm for "alternatives to incarceration" persists in an uneasy co-existence with hardening views on penal policy and growing fascination with incapacitation as a desirable organizing principle for sentencing policy. Over the last decade, as the jails in New York City and other major cities have become more overcrowded and the public purse has been put under increasing strain by the capital and operating costs of increasing the capacity to imprison, New York's search for real alternatives has intensified.


Photo by Lucy Nicholson (REUTERS)

People in Jail and Prison in Spring 2021

Vera Institute of Justice (Vera) researchers collected data on the number of people in local jails and state and federal prisons throughout 2020 and into spring 2021. Vera researchers estimated the incarcerated population using a sample of approximately 1,600 jail jurisdictions, 50 states, the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the U.S. Marshals Service (U ...

  • Jacob Kang-Brown, Chase Montagnet, Jasmine Heiss
June 07, 2021