The enforcement of fines as criminal sanctions The English experience and its relevance to American practice


This 1986 Vera report presents findings from a study of four English magistrates' courts with respect to strategies for setting and enforcing criminal fine sentences. The principle source of empirical data for the study are samples of cases from three urban and one town magistrates' courts that target offenders convicted of non-trivial offenses who were at risk of being sentenced to a term of incarceration and who, because of their poverty, were at risk of non-payment if fined as an alternative sentence. The data suggests that fines are near the core of English sentencing policy and that when set rationally in relation to means as well as offense severity, fines can be collected from offenders even when they are poor.


Photo by Lucy Nicholson (REUTERS)

People in Jail and Prison in Spring 2021

Vera Institute of Justice (Vera) researchers collected data on the number of people in local jails and state and federal prisons throughout 2020 and into spring 2021. Vera researchers estimated the incarcerated population using a sample of approximately 1,600 jail jurisdictions, 50 states, the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the U.S. Marshals Service (U ...

  • Jacob Kang-Brown, Chase Montagnet, Jasmine Heiss
June 07, 2021