The New York City Service Sentencing Program (Fourth Interim Report)


This is Vera's 1984 interim program report on the impact of the New York City Community Service Sentencing Program, which was intended to enforce a sentence of supervised, unpaid community service as an alternative to short jail terms given primarily because no enforceable alternative punishment is available. Highlights of the impact analysis are: 

1) of the 1,028 property misdemeanor recidivists sentenced to the project in 1984, 588 (57%) would have drawn jail sentences without the project; 

2) in 1984 program operations reduced the demand for jail cells by 114 cells; and 

3) the jail terms that would have been drawn are short, but the number of cells needed to be reserved was significant, and given Rikers Island at and over capacity, the economic value to the city of reducing cell demand is substantial.


Photo by Lucy Nicholson (REUTERS)

People in Jail and Prison in Spring 2021

Vera Institute of Justice (Vera) researchers collected data on the number of people in local jails and state and federal prisons throughout 2020 and into spring 2021. Vera researchers estimated the incarcerated population using a sample of approximately 1,600 jail jurisdictions, 50 states, the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the U.S. Marshals Service (U ...

  • Jacob Kang-Brown, Chase Montagnet, Jasmine Heiss
June 07, 2021