The Use of Fines as an Intermediate Sanction


Despite more than a decade of unprecedented jail and prison building in the U.S., few inroads have been made in improving the conditions in correctional institutions. Although prison expansion has been accompanied by an explosion of experimental alternative sanctions—community service orders, house arrest, electronic monitoring, intensive probation, boot camps and more—the intermediate penalties movement has yet to engage in any significant way the problems raised by our broad use of imprisonment.


Photo by Lucy Nicholson (REUTERS)

People in Jail and Prison in Spring 2021

Vera Institute of Justice (Vera) researchers collected data on the number of people in local jails and state and federal prisons throughout 2020 and into spring 2021. Vera researchers estimated the incarcerated population using a sample of approximately 1,600 jail jurisdictions, 50 states, the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the U.S. Marshals Service (U ...

  • Jacob Kang-Brown, Chase Montagnet, Jasmine Heiss
June 07, 2021